Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) can impact human health in various ways. Here are five reasons with relevant citations:
- Impact on the nervous system: EMFs have been shown to affect the nervous system, including the brain and peripheral nerves. They can cause alterations in neurotransmitter levels, potentially leading to neurological symptoms and cognitive dysfunction (Volkow et al., 2011).
Volkow, N. D., Tomasi, D., Wang, G. J., Vaska, P., Fowler, J. S., Telang, F., … & Swanson, J. M. (2011). Effects of cell phone radiofrequency signal exposure on brain glucose metabolism. JAMA, 305(8), 808-813. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.186
- Sleep disturbances: EMFs have been associated with sleep disturbances, such as difficulty falling asleep, decreased sleep quality, and altered sleep architecture (Huber et al., 2000).
Huber, R., Graf, T., Cote, K. A., Wittmann, L., Gallmann, E., Matter, D., … & Borbély, A. A. (2000). Exposure to pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic field during waking affects human sleep EEG. Neuroreport, 11(15), 3321-3325. doi:10.1097/00001756-200010200-00012
- Cancer risks: Some research has suggested a link between EMF exposure and an increased risk of certain types of cancer, such as brain tumors and leukemia (Hardell et al., 2011). However, the evidence remains inconclusive, and more research is needed.
Hardell, L., Carlberg, M., & Hansson Mild, K. (2011). Pooled analysis of case-control studies on malignant brain tumours and the use of mobile and cordless phones including living and deceased subjects. International Journal of Oncology, 38(5), 1465-1474. doi:10.3892/ijo.2011.947
- Effects on reproduction: EMFs have been shown to impact male and female reproductive health, including decreased sperm quality, reduced fertility, and altered hormonal levels (Agarwal et al., 2009).
Agarwal, A., Deepinder, F., Sharma, R. K., Ranga, G., & Li, J. (2008). Effect of cell phone usage on semen analysis in men attending infertility clinic: an observational study. Fertility and Sterility, 89(1), 124-128. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2007.01.166
- Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS): Some individuals claim to suffer from EHS, a condition in which they experience various symptoms, including headaches, fatigue, and dizziness, when exposed to EMFs.
Rubin, G. J., Nieto-Hernandez, R., & Wessely, S. (2010). Idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (formerly ‘electromagnetic hypersensitivity’): An updated systematic review of provocation studies. Bioelectromagnetics, 31(1), 1-11. doi:10.1002/bem.20536